Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis

(1869-1955)
   Armenian oil tycoon, philanthropist, and art connoisseur-collector who settled in Portugal in World War II and whose donated wealth forms the basis for the Gulbenkian Foundation, situated in Lisbon. Born in Scutari, Turkey, when it was part of the Ottoman Empire, Calouste Gulben-kian made a huge fortune and became one of Europe's wealthiest individuals through investment in Iraqi petroleum. While the oil business and investments were his work, the appreciation and collection of rare art represented his passion. During the 1920s and 1930s, he purchased a rich collection of Western and Oriental art. Some of it was loaned to great museums in London and Washington, and some of it was displayed in his mansion in Paris on Avenue d'lena.
   Gulbenkian's life and the fate of his possessions were changed by the fortunes of World War II and by his residence in Portugal. In April 1942, Gulbenkian fled Vichy France and settled in Portugal. Between his arrival and his death in July 1955, he made dispositions of his possessions and wealth, which have had an almost incalculable impact on Portugal's arts, culture, science, and education. After declining to build a museum for his unmatched art collection either in London or Washington, D.C., Gulbenkian decided to build such a home in Portugal and to endow an international foundation in Lisbon. Since his death in 1955 and inauguration of the foundation headquarters in the late 1960s, a museum and a contemporary arts museum have opened, and Portuguese and other Lusophone arts and science circles have greatly benefited.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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  • Gulbenkian, Calouste (Sarkis) — born March 29, 1869, Istanbul, Turk. died July 20, 1955, Lisbon, Port. Turkish born British financier, industrialist, and philanthropist. In 1911 he helped found the Turkish Petroleum Co. (later Iraq Petroleum Co.) and became the first to exploit …   Universalium

  • Gulbenkian, Calouste (Sarkis) — (29 mar. 1869, Estambul, Turquía–20 jul. 1955, Lisboa, Portugal). Financista, industrial y filántropo británico nacido en Turquía. En 1911 contribuyó a fundar la Turkish Petroleum Co. (luego, Iraq Petroleum Co.), y llegó a ser el primero en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gulbenkian — Calouste Gulbenkian Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (* 23. März 1869 in Scutari (Konstantinopel); † 20. Juli 1955 in Lissabon) war ein vermögender britischer Ingenieur, Ölforscher, Geschäftsmann, Finanzexperte und Kunstsammler …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calouste Gulbenkian — Born 1 March 1869 (1869 03) Üsküdar, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Calouste Gulbenkian — Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (* 23. März 1869 in Scutari (Konstantinopel); † 20. Juli 1955 in Lissabon) war ein vermögender britischer Ingenieur, Ölforscher, Geschäftsmann, Finanzexperte und Kunstsammler armenischer Her …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calouste Gulbenkian — peu avant 1900. Naissance 23 mars 1869 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gulbenkian — Calouste Gulbenkian Calouste Gulbenkian Calouste Gulbenkian peu avant 1900. Naissance 23 mars& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calouste Gulbenkian — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Calouste Gulbenkian Caloust Gulbenkian, 1869 1955 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gulbenkian —   [englisch gʊl beȖkjən], Calouste Sarkis, armenischer Erdölmagnat, seit 1902 britischer Staatsbürger, * Istanbul 1. 3. 1869, ✝ Lissabon 20. 7. 1955; erwarb durch Tätigkeit in der Erdölindustrie Bakus und Beteiligung an der Iraq Petroleum Comp.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Calouste Gulbenkian — Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (nacido en Scutari, hoy Üsküdar, Turquía en 1869 y fallecido en 1955 en Lisboa) fue un ingeniero y empresario armenio nacionalizado británico, activo en el sector del petróleo y uno de los pioneros en el desarrollo del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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